Boran (630-631)

Daughter of Xusrō II, she came to the thorn after the assassination of the “usurper” Šahrwarāz and ruled for almost two years.

She and her sister were considered to be the only legitimate heirs left in the Sasanian dynasty since their older brother Kawād II had murdered all the other brothers out of fear of competition and rivalry.

Bōrān tried to reinstate the power of her dynasty and rebuild her empire. She tried to unify the country once more by relieving the population of their heavy taxes and reviving the glorious image of the past. Not only did she imitate her father in most of her coinage, but she also referred to herself as the “restorer of the race of gods” in one of her ceremonial gold coins.

She desired a good relationship with the Roman Empire and thus sent the Catholicos to meet with the Roman emperor Heraclius.

Similar to her nephew, Ardaxšīr III, Bōrān was also deposed by an army general. According to some sources the general was named Pērōz and aside from deposing her, he was also responsible for strangling the Queen to death. Her sister Azarmī(g)duxt came to the throne soon after Bōrān was deposed and possibly murdered.


  • Daryaee, Touraj. Sasanian Iran: the Portrait of a Late Antique Empire, Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers, 2008.
  • Marie Louise Chaumont. “Bōrān” in Encyclopedia Iranica.