Original Articles

An Exceptional Gold Coin of Shapur I

Recently we have had a chance to see a unique gold coin of Shapur I. Unfortunately the
location of this coin today is unknown to us. At first sight, the coin looks like the usual issues of
Shapur I (particularly the iconography in obverse), but exploration of some details in reverse
give us cause to suppose that it was minted for a certain occasion.
Shapur I continued the regional policy of his predecessor, Artashir I, from the beginning of
his reign. A series of victories against the Roman Empire opened the way to conquer Armenia,
which was the main success of Sasanian Iran in the West. Shapur I represented his glorious
victories against Roman Empire in rock sculpture and took a new title, king of kings Iran and
non‐Iran, as a result of his successful policy.